What Is Hair Color Correction

What Is Hair Color Correction | Important Facts About Fixing Coloring Mistakes

Learn all about what is hair color correction process and how a color correction chart can help you remove brassy tones when you bleach hair from dark to light. 

Have you sometimes bleached, toned or dyed your hair and was totally unhappy about the results because it didn’t turn out the color it should have? 

Well, that’s exactly what color correction is for! No matter how bad your hair color turns out, it can be fixed!

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Related: How To Remove Brassy Tones From Blonde Hair

Color correction can be done on all hair types and to fix any sort of coloring errors.

From lightening of darkened hair, to darkening of lightened hair, to hair bleached or dyed incorrectly or even simply to help get rid of brassy tones from the hair, it will have you covered!

If you are someone with any sort of hair color problems, then check out this article for every detail you need to know about hair color correction.

What Is Hair Color Correction

I have often bleached and box dyed my hair at home and even at a salon.

And much to my dismay, I’ve also experienced the color turning out completely wrong and totally different than what I expected.

So I’m glad for hair color correction as it can be your saving grace.

Hair color correction is a process where a corrective color hair stylist or a professional at a salon, will help rectify your discolored hair. 

This is done by using toners, bleach, hair color remover, colored shampoos etc. in order to get your hair back to the color you originally desired.

Through hair color correction, all sorts of corrections are possible. 

You can choose to darken lightened hair, lighten darkened hair, rectify bleached hair gone wrong, and remove brassiness and unwanted tones from your hair or even out highlights and streaks as well.

Who is a Corrective Color Hair Stylist?

color correction hair at home
Source: Instagram @ beautylaunchpad

A Corrective Color Hair Stylist is a professional who specifically deals with hair color correction and is specialized in this field.  

These specialists know exactly how to fix color issues by correcting them and filling in the right level of color pigments in the hair.

Doing so helps balance out and even out the color tone in the hair, to either match the existing shade or give the hair an all new refreshed color. 

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They make sure to do strand testing before starting the filling in and coloring process to make sure to get the right shade you are looking for.

In case your hair is too damaged and isn’t healthy enough to be corrected at that point in time, then they will suggest reparative methods to restore hair health and then do the procedure after some weeks.

The Color Wheel And Hair Color Correction Chart

Let’s talk about the science of color for a bit, shall we? This is important because color correction is done based on the color wheel. So what exactly is this “color wheel” then?

The color wheel is a wheel that displays a spectrum of the standard colors, placed in a certain way. 

It consists of 12 main colors and out of these 12 colors, six are warm colors and the other six are cool colors.

So when the hair requires color correction, that means there should be a balance of both warm and cool colors in the hair, to even it out and get the right shade.

hair color correction chart

Let’s take for example; if your hair has become brassy with yellow tones, then the corrective color required will be purple. Well, why is this, you may ask?

In order for colors to be corrected, you would require to use the color opposite to the color you want to correct, for it to even out. 

So according to the color wheel, the color yellow is opposite to the color purple and therefore, to remove the yellow hues from the hair, we’d have to use a purple shampoo or toner.

Also, it is important to know that our hair has underlying pigments and sometimes when we color or bleach our hair these underlying pigments will start to show. This is when the color wheel will come into play.

The table below will give you a better understanding on this subject.

 Hair Color  Underlying Pigment Corrective Color Required
 Shades of blonde Yellow, pale yellow Purple
 Shades of brown Orange, orangish yellow Blue, purple
 Dark brown or black Red, orangish red Green, blue


When Do You Need A Hair Color Correction Process

1. When you hair has brassy tones

hair color correction process
Source: Instagram @ atelierwaescheschniidefooohne

When it comes to hair brassiness, your hair can either have yellow or orangish shades of brassiness and there are ways out of it.

Yellow shades of brassiness: In case your hair has yellow shades of brassiness, then you will have to use a purple shampoo or purple toner in order to get rid of those unwanted tones in your hair and even out the hair color. 

The reason why the color purple is used is because it is opposite to yellow as per the color wheel and it’s only purple that can cancel out the yellow to even out the hair color.

Source: Instagram @ marcus_unisex_salon

Orange shades of brassiness: In case your hair has orangish shades of brassiness, then you’d require to use a blue shampoo or toner to cancel out the orange tones in the hair.

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This will even out your hair color, because blue will help cancel out the orange and this is also evident if you observe the color wheel.

2. When you darken light hair

hair color correction before and after
Source: Instagram @ mary_js19

Darkening of lightened hair is easier than the other way round, lightening of darkened hair. You will have to get your stylist to dye your hair to the darker shade you desire.

But know that this is a gamble when it comes to the final shade outcome, or you can bleach it first and then dye it so you can be sure of your final shade outcome.

3. When your hair has been dyed incorrectly or unevenly

Sometimes you realize that your dyeing process wasn’t successful because you ended up with patches of color on your hair.

Well, the best way to correct this is by dyeing your hair using the same color, only on the patchy and unevenly colored areas. 

If you still feel your hair color looks patchy after this step, then you can buy a shade darker and re-dye all your hair completely.

hair color correction dark to light
Source: Instagram @ haircolorbykiki

4. When you lighten dark hair

Are in the process of lightening your dark hair? Or did you not get hair lightened to the shade you wanted?

Then all you can do is bleach your hair again or use a shampoo that will clarify and lighten your hair, before you can dye it to the desired color.

5. When your dyed hair has faded

The best way to regain the color of your hair is by using a toner. 

Toners aren’t dyes, do not be mistaken, as dyes are permanent hair colors that alter your hair.

While a toner does add pigment to your hair just like a dye, it does not color the hair. Instead they just add more vibrancy to the hair and make it look fresh. 

It just adds a little extra tone to the hair that has faded.

does color correction damage hair
Source: Instagram @ jennyandresalonnyc

6. When you want to fix your highlights

There are times when you expect your highlights to look perfect, but can end up looking anything but perfect! 

Well, you can either dye your hair to match your base hair color or bleach your hair and re-do your highlights all together.

FAQs About Hair Color Correction

1. Can I correct my hair color at home?

Hair color correction can either be done at a salon, by a professional or can also be done at home if you wish to. 
But in case you choose to do it at home, make sure you know exactly what you are doing and follow the right method and instructions provided, in order to get the desired results.
If you are vary at any point, it is important to seek help from a professional, failing which you can worsen your hair color and ruin further instead of correcting it.
It is important to note that doing hair color correction at home may not give you the perfect results as it would if done at a salon, especially if your hair requires extensive color correction.

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2. How long does a hair color correction session take at a salon?

Well, this can vary from person to person depending on how extensive your hair color correction is and to what extent it requires to be corrected. 
So, for some people with lesser correction, it may take just one session of a few hours or a day. 
For some others with a greater extent of hair color correction, it can go on for even 2 to 4 sessions over a month.
It is important to note that professionals take into consideration various aspects like the texture and health of your hair, the extent to which your hair has been damaged by the color and what is the final color you want your hair to be.

3. Why does a hair color correction session cost so much at a salon?

Since hair color correction is usually done by a professional and the process can take quite a few hours or even go on to multiple sessions you will end up paying for the stylist’s effort and the time spent on you.
Reputed salons also use expensive products that are of good quality brands and this factor too will increase the cost of your color correction session.

4. Is color correction the same as toning of hair?

Color correction can be done in different ways which also includes toning. 
Color correction is a method of rectifying the hair color, while a hair toner can be one of the products used for this rectification process. So, no, they aren’t the same thing.

Summary on Hair Color Correction Process

Color correction is a great way to rectify hair color problems, but it is important that you prepare your hair well before the session. 

Make sure to keep it washed and free from oil and dirt.

Also make sure that your hair is healthy enough and not damaged before going through with the hair color correction process.

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How To Tone Brown Hair To Ash

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